Mastering Specialty Coffee at Home 

Specialty coffee is a growing trend known for its high standards in quality, sustainability, and ethics. 

According to the Specialty Coffee Association, specialty coffee must score at least 80 points out of 100 on a grading system, considering factors like fragrance, flavor, acidity, and more. 

Traceability to its origin is a key aspect of specialty coffee, ensuring consumers know where, when, and how the coffee was grown, harvested, and processed. 

Terroir, variety, processing, and roasting are factors influencing the quality and flavor of specialty coffee. 

Specialty coffee is not a specific type but a quality standard applicable to any coffee variety, processing method, or roast level. 

To brew specialty coffee at home, essential equipment includes a grinder, scale, kettle, and brewer (e.g., French press, pour-over, AeroPress). 

Burr grinders are preferable for consistent grounds, and digital scales offer accuracy in measuring coffee and water amounts. 

Water temperature is crucial; it varies for different brewers, affecting the extraction and flavor of the coffee. 

Grinding size, coffee-to-water ratio, and brew time should be adjusted based on the preferred method (French press, pour-over, AeroPress, or siphon). 

Using fresh and filtered water, whole beans stored properly, and regularly cleaning equipment are essential tips for brewing high-quality specialty coffee at home.